Once a dental implant was a complex and scary process. Today this treatment fits into the routine of any dental clinic. Fast and easy treatment, much easier than tooth extraction and the success rates are very high above 85%.
It is important to understand the process, how it happens and what are the demands. there are also some points to pay extra attention to them. you will also get some tips and instructions that can help you before the implant and after.
what is a dental implant?
A dental implant is a metallic structure made of titanium coated with hydroxy-apatite, a screw-shaped implant that is inserted into the alveolar bone and replaces a lost tooth.
How to do a dental implant?
The process is indeed surgical, but easier than tooth extraction. Imagine that you want to hang a picture on the wall.
First of all, choose a strong wall to give good support to the screw on which we hang the picture (this test is done through CT radiography). Then drill a small hole in the wall and inside that hole insert the base (in our case it is the dental implant).
Later, a structure on which the crown is hung is inserted into the implant exactly the way the screw will be inserted into the base.
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How long does it take to do a dental implant?
Although the implant process is similar to a picture hanging process on a wall, do not forget that the first is a biological process and that requires healing time. A time for osteo-integration in witch the bone embraces the implant.
In general, if the implant has been performed in the lower jaw then a minimum of two months should be allowed. If it is in the upper jaw then wait for a minimum of 4 months. It is advisable to give time and not rush otherwise the implant may fail.
for whom a dental implant is suitable?
A dental implant can fit any patient by any age as long as there is enough bone to be implanted in. There is no restriction on gender or age.
However, in the case of diabetic or cardiac patients, medical history must be carefully examined and an accurate personal assessment made and all protective measures taken in order to achieve high success rates.
There are also more severe conditions such as osteoporosis where dental implants are prohibited. Note that even smoking or poor oral hygiene can be a risk factor to the implant!
What are the possible complications?
Complications during implantation:
- Nerve injury:
Loss of partial or complete sensation in some part of the mouth. Rare injury and generally passes alone without any treatment.
- Sinus injury:
As a result of an upper jaw sinus. If treated immediately the sinus closes back and heals over time. If not treated then there is a chance of developing infections. How do you know the sinus opens? during breathing you feel the air inside your mouth.
- Bleeding: As a result of blood clot damage. A sterile gauze should be placed on the bleeding site and firmly pressed for 20 minutes. And then fasted without food or drink for two hours for the blood clot to strengthen and not open again. Do not rinse your mouth with water until the bleeding stops completely! If the bleeding does not stop, you must contact your dentist.
- Swelling: If you have not maintained proper hygiene according to your dentist’s instructions, you may develop an infection that will also cause you to lose the implant! Note that after implanting, there may be slight swelling in the implanted area. Natural swelling resulting from the surgery itself. Be sure to take your antibiotics and do the rinsing and the swelling will go down soon. If the swelling on the contrary grows and develops, contact your dentist immediately.
- Difficulty opening the mouth: possible complication as a result of surgery. Passing alone without any treatment. It is important to eat soft food, not to overload and the mouth will soon return to normal opening.
- Implant rejection: If the body does not receive the implant it will throw it out and you will suddenly feel something floating in your mouth. contact your dentist for clarification. Don’t worry it happens very rare.
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Comprehensive pre-dental exams, proper treatment planning, fine-tuning, and proper post-implant maintenance guarantee you success without any complications.
Studies show more than 90% success. At the end of the process, you will get a beautiful and stable strong implant, most similar to your natural tooth.
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There is another option for replacing a missing tooth:
Read now >>> Dental crowns